Symptoms of Borderline Personality Disorder
According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) to be diagnosed with borderline personality disorder a person must exhibit a persistent pattern of instability in interpersonal relationships, self-image, mood, and impulsivity. These patterns usually begin by early adulthood. To meet a diagnosis of BPD, the person must exhibit at least five of the following nine criteria:
Frantic efforts to avoid being abandoned by others — they may experience feelings of panic, depression, rage, or extreme reaction to being left alone, whether the threat is real or perceived.
A pattern of unstable and intense interpersonal relationships— seeing others as “good” or “bad”, and shifting from one view to the other suddenly.
Identity disturbance— distorted and unstable self-image, values, and aspirations with a sudden change in career goals, sexual identity, and types of friends.
Recurrent suicidal behavior– gestures, threats, or self-harming behavior such as cutting, burning or drug overdose. About 25% of people with BPD will attempt suicide and 10% will complete those attempts.
Emotional instability— highly changeable moods, with episodes lasting from a few hours to a few days.
Chronic feelings of emptiness— feeling misunderstood, neglected, alone, empty, or hopeless.
Inappropriate, intense anger— these behaviors can often be aggressive and escalate into physical fights.
Periodic stress-related paranoid thoughts– including out-of-body experiences, feeling cut off from oneself or losing touch with reality. TREATMENTS→